The books listed at the top are more recent and show the evolution (one might say the come back) of data science towards deep learning and AI. The books in the other half of this listing have been published and re-published in the last 10 year. Many are encyclopedias, some available online only, yet they are extremely useful resources for the data science beginner or expert.
Other than that, the books below are listed in random order, and cover data science, machine learning, and related topics. The seventh entry below is a meta-list (list of lists) featuring fundamental textbooks by Berkeley, Stanford, Microsoft, and the likes (even our own books).