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Roles and Responsibilities of a QA and Software Testing Team

Software testing is a vital part of the software development life cycle. Playing a major role in defining the success rate of a specific product, software testing is one such team that plays a critical role even after the product’s development is done.

Hence, it is important to make sure that the software testing team comprises of a seamless amalgam of capable as well as skilled professionals. Also, being experts in the problem domain makes it easier for them to build such test scripts that helps in identifying the issue in the product.

While every enterprise follows a different structure of the testing team, there are some team members who are there in every structure and are constantly fulfilling the expectations from the team. This includes:

1. QA Lead:

QA lead is the most significant team member of the testing team. Although it is tremendously crucial for the lead to have a strong understanding about the testing process or methodology. It is also essential for the lead to be familiar with the several test-program concerns such as data management, test environment, and trouble reporting and resolution, etc.

2. Test Lead

With a rich understanding of the applications and its requirements, a test lead is familiar with the diverse test-program issues such as test design, test development, and test data management. The lead’s expertise in several technical skills such as programming languages, database technologies, and computer operating systems allows to deliver the best at his/her job.

3. Test Engineer

A test engineer decides the best way to craft a process that can allow a tester to test a particular product in the best possible way. Test engineers can have various expertise based on which they are allocated a role in an enterprise. Some of the main test engineers working in an enterprise are:

a) Usability test engineer

Usability test engineers are extremely capable of designing test suites as well as have a strong understanding about the usability concerns. With exceptional interpersonal skills, they are also capable of test facilitation.

b) Manual Test Engineer

A manual test engineer has a clear understanding of Graphical User Interface (GUI) design and its standards. They are highly proficient in designing test suites and several testing practices.

c) Automated Test Engineer

These engineers have a clear understanding of software testing and the GUI design. They can also be trusted upon for designing the effective test suites along with proficiently working with test tools.

4. Network Test Engineer

With a great level of expertise in a range of technical skills such as database technologies, programming languages, and computer operating systems, network test engineers are great at integration skills and product evaluation.

5. Tester

Having a comprehensive knowledge of several concepts involved in test execution and designing methodologies, a software tester is the one who is capable of interacting efficiently with the development team.


While it is important for every team member to fulfill their job responsibilities conscientiously, it is also essential to make sure that the software testing services team is structured appropriately and has precise responsibilities. Making testing a learning process and a fun task instead of a serious job responsibility. 

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