Machine learning is not a new tech development, but the ethical issues artificial intelligence presents are at their most historically pressing moment. There are multiple ethical questions to confront, including the four most prevalent below.
1. Privacy Is The End Of An Era
Although some government regulations ensure consumer privacy (like the GDPR), the potential for A.I. to understand buyers on an intimate level is enormous. Some potential examples of privacy breach include:
2. Robots Will Rule Humans
What is a human if not defined by autonomy, and should we give that right to artificial intelligence?
According to Nick Bostrom, a superintelligence expert at University of Oxford, it’s possible that the malicious robot overlords of our imaginations could be a reality if future A.I. systems hold values that don’t align with human values. According to Ray Kurzweil, futurist and Chief Engineer at Google, this future (i.e. singularity) is closer than we think. He perceives this future as something to look forward to, though, not fear.
3. A.I. Will Take Over The Job Market
Job security is always the initial scare tied to advanced technology. This is a logical fear, since work is directly tied to compensation, which is tied to survival. There are two possible outcomes of economic inequality and labor rights issues at the hands of artificial intelligence.
4. Moral A.I. Might Not Be Possible
Despite our best human efforts, it may be possible that A.I. will never be moral. The issues with training A.I. systems to act ethically include:
Experts like Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates, and Elon Musk have all stated that superintelligence should be handled delicately.